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Basic rights protect the freedom of the individual and guarantee the equality of all citizens. They are important components of the Basic Law, the constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany. In Germany, most of the basic rights apply to all people, independently from their nationality. These are the most important basic rights in Brief:

Article 1:

  • (1) Human dignity shall be inviolable.

Article 2:

  • (1) Every person shall have the right to free development of his personality insofar as he does not violate the rights of others or offend against the constitutional order or the moral law.
  • (2) Every person shall have the right to life and physical integrity. Freedom of the person shall be inviolable. These rights may be interfered with only pursuant to a law.



Article 3:

  • (1) All persons shall be equal before the law.
  • (2) Men and women shall have equal rights.
  • (3) No person shall be favoured or disfavoured because of sex, parentage, race, language, homeland and origin, faith, or religious or political opinions. No person shall be disfavoured because of disability.

Article 4:

  • (1) Freedom of faith and of conscience, and freedom to profess a religious or philosophical creed, shall be inviolable.
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